Emeritus Researcher, Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon
Born in 1940, he is currently Emeritus Researcher at the Institute of Social Sciences – ICS (University of Lisbon). He was the director of the Portuguese National Library and of ICS for many years as well as a vice-rector of the University of Lisbon. Abroad, he was a Research Fellow at St. Antony’s College, Oxford, and a visiting professor at King’s College London, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the EHESS-Paris and the former IUPERJ-Rio de Janeiro. He has published over a hundred books and articles on contemporary Portuguese history and society.